FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT NAPOLEON CATS

FAQ's about Napoleon's for your information:


Do the short legs come from the Munchkin?

Yes, Napoleons are a hybrid breed developed from the Munchkin breed and the Persian breed group. (Persian, Himalayan, and Exotic Shorthair) They successfully combine the very best qualities of the above breeds. Napoleons are a relatively new cat breed worldwide.  This cat is considered a dwarf cat breed and is a new and rare cat breed especially here in Australia.   The breed is still ’a work in progress' and as such, information is limited.

What causes the short legs?  The short legs are the result of a spontaneous natural mutation called dwarfism.  It is not a genetic fault. This spontaneous change in the genetic heritage has introduced a gene which is similar to that seen in Bassett Hounds, Corgi’s and Dachshunds, all of which the Napoleon closely resembles in body style due to this fact. The Napoleon’s short legs are a product of nature because of the autosomal dominant inheritance pattern, a cat with these genes will produce kittens with the same short legs.  Many forms of dwarfism occur in mammals, including humans, however, in the Napoleon’s case, all four legs are shortened but the head and body are of normal size.

Do all Napoleon kittens have short legs?

No. Napoleon litters can produce long and short legged kittens due to the genetics.  A “standard” kitten has short legs and a “non-standard” kitten has regular length legs.  A “non-standard” kitten is still registered as a purebred Napoleon cat. They have all the same wonderful traits as their short-legged litter-mates except the short legs.   
  

Do the short legs make them slow?   

When you witness, the Napoleon moving at high speed or cornering around the furniture, you immediately drop any preconception that this is a slow, awkward cat due to its short legs which does not hinder them in any way so please don’t think his short legs preclude him from jumping on your furniture. He might not go as high as other cats, at least not in one leap, but he gets there eventually.

Are Napoleon’s an overall healthy breed?  

Yes, Napoleon’s are a healthy breed and do not appear to have spinal problems due to having such short legs.  Although it is true that the Dachshund is prone to disc disease, the cat spine is constructed quite differently from that of the dog.  Spinal problems are very rare in cats, even in breeds with extremely long bodies such as the Siamese or Oriental. The Napoleon is not expected to have any problems compared to any other cat. The effects of aging on the bones of the legs is presently being studied. Thus, far there is no evidence of any joint degeneration.  However, since the Persian cat blood has been incorporated in this breed, only PKD negative tested Napoleon cats should be used for breeding. 

Are they a recognized breed?

Yes, The Napoleon Working Breed Group, led by Margie Gardner is currently working towards advancing the breed. The name ‘Napoleon’ was changed to ‘Minuet’ with a round of votes by the directors of the International Cat Association (TICA) in January, 2015 so as to not offend the French with the Napoleon name. However, it is still addressed as ‘Napoleon’ by the Cat Fanciers Federation (CFF) and ANCATS here in Australia.

Napoleons are recognized at the championship level in several cat associations including Cat Fancier's Federation (CFF,) Catz Inc, Australian National Cats Inc (ANCATS), CATZ Inc (NZ) as the Napoleon Cat for championship status and The International Cat Association (TICA) although TICA has changed the breed name to Minuet.

The Napoleon cat is yet to be recognized by other cat associations including Cat Fancier’s Association, American Cat Fanciers Association, or Fédération Internationale Feline and many cat Associations here in Australia such as Cats QLD or QFA which I hope to one day change.

More information can be found here: 


What are their personalities and temperaments like? 

Like the Persian cats, the Napoleon’s have a good nature, and a sweet, docile temperament. They are human-oriented, and with their love for their families and fondness to get petted and snuggled, they make perfect family pets. They are great with Children and cat friendly dogs and other cats.
They are extremely intelligent, and can easily understand the needs of their family members, and can adapt themselves accordingly in the household. They are neither demanding, nor attention-seeking, and (hence) not very vocal. It will never disturb its master, if he is busy.
 
Appearance?

The first thing you notice is the sweet face and the second the short legs. While derived from the Persian and the Munchkin, the Napoleon cat is a distinct breed with its own characteristic look. The head is round and has great big eyes but rather than the short snub nose of a Persian, the Napoleon has a longer nose much like the earlier Persians. The standard Napoleon has short legs but the non-standard version with the long legs still has the same distinctive features in the head and there is no mistaking the fact that it is a Napoleon.
Round is the word most associated with the breed. The round head has a shape like a pie-plate and big round eyes like marbles are set into it. Round cheeks, round top head, round muzzle. The ears are medium to small and contribute to the round look of the head. The nose has a slight change of direction often referred to as a ski jump nose meaning it tips up ever so slightly at the end. All of which combine to present the very sweet innocent look of the breed.

Click on paw print         to check out this Napoloen beauty!

​More Napoleon cat images here

​Great video about Napoleon's 
 
Are they active and good with kids and other pets?

The Napoleons are quite inquisitive, and would greet their family members at the door, and follow them around the house. They are not aggressive cats and are completely safe to be around other friendly pets and children of all ages. With all its loyalty, it will stay devoted to its master throughout its life.

How big do they get? 

They are a medium-sized strong cat—and their low-slung bodies reflect that. They wear their short-legged bodies with great authority.   Roundness also has a role in the overall structure of the body.  They have a semi-cobby type body which gives a sense of roundness and the overlaying musculature emphasizes that same roundness. These sturdy cats have strong, solid boning and excellent musculature kept in shape by their active natures that has them running around the house and up and down the stairs.

Do they come in many colours?

Yes, they come in all colours and coat lengths.

Do females or males make better pets?

When people call for a pet kitten, they almost always ask for a female, thinking that a girl will be sweeter and more loving. Many also believe that males will be more aggressive and prone to spray. However, neither assumption is correct. Male Napoleon’s are, in general, more affectionate than females. Females can be somewhat more aloof.

Do they like playing with toys?

Although mellow and laid back like the Persian, they do indeed enjoy a good game playing with toys or chasing sticks with their favourite human.

Are they safe to stay outside?

No. It’s a good idea to keep Napoleon’s as indoor-only cat's as they are not scrapper's and would fare poorly against other cats and dogs as well as other dangers that face cats who go outdoors.  Napoleons are suited to indoor living. 
Whilst their legs do not restrict their mobility, they certainly do not have the speed of a cat with 'normal-length' legs which will make it difficult for them to get out of harm’s way.
The Napoleon’s coat is not made for shedding dirt, leaves and sticks.  Cats who go outdoors also run the risk of being stolen by someone who would like to have such a beautiful cat without paying for it. They greatly run the risk of being run over as well and keeping them inside also limits their exposure to diseases like feline leukaemia, fleas and intestinal parasites.

Brushing and grooming?

The Napoleon cat comes in both long-haired and short-haired varieties, and the latter, naturally, needs a bit more care. Napoleons shed less, but comb its coat once or twice a week to avoid matting. Keep an eye so that its nails do not overgrow. You can trim them once a month.

Why buy from a Registered breeder?

Why are Registered Breeders kittens more expensive compared to a non Registered back-yard breeder?  Click on the paw print to view document. 


Interesting Facts:

  • Napoleons can jump, but not the same as other cats.
  • As a new breed, these cats enter the show halls under the “Preliminary New Breed” status.
  • This short-legged feline has a strikingly cute and innocent facial expression that is referred to as “the baby doll face”.
  • Napoleons are often referred to as the ‘puppy of the cat world’.